小原一真《Silent Histories》

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二戰期間,作為侵略國的日本遭到美國大規模的地毯式轟炸,燃燒彈如雨點般落下,三十三萬人因此喪命,並有逾四十三萬人受傷、九百七十萬人無家可歸。隨著日本政府宣佈投降,即使重建的日本在戰後迅速回到世界經濟的舞台,在二戰結束逾七十年後,許多老百姓的身上仍然帶著無法揮去的戰爭烙痕與餘燼。

二戰空襲中失去腿的六歲女孩、全身燒傷的十五歲男孩,以及一夕之間成為孤兒的十歲女童……他們現在怎麼樣了?攝影家小原一真試圖重探這段無比沈重的歷史,透過將老照片、空拍檔案、剪報、私人身障手冊與現今受難者的肖像緊密地交織,並重製安插戰時日本官方發行的宣傳畫報《寫真週報》,《Silent Histories》(寂靜的歷史) 這本書勾勒出無情的戰爭歷史巨流下個人命運的形貌,訴說著歷經戰事而倖存下來的日本平民受害者的真實人生。書中文字記載著大國小民內心深處的創傷記憶,並揭露了他們在戰後日本社會的生存狀態。

長期活在二戰陰影之下的平民受難者試圖隱藏傷疤,然而傷痛和歧視總無所不在。「我還沒死,所以我遮住我的臉。」其中一位戰爭受難者Yoshida女士說。Yoshida的家人皆死於美軍空襲,她手上的這張家庭合照成為了死亡的凝視,現已八十多歲的她,是家中唯一存活下來的人。這個不完整的家族影像構成了本書的封面,Yoshida的臉龐在這張合影中成為空白,書裡皆是如她這樣一段段默默逝去的戰爭個人史。

《Silent Histories》最初是小原一真製作的手工書,做為送交美國最高法院、由二戰受難者控告美國政府於戰時屠殺平民百姓的佐證。本書亦入選2014年Paris Photo攝影書獎,並獲《TIME》雜誌選為該年度的年度攝影書。2015年,這本書的普及版收錄了更完整的影像,並由Editorial RM出版發行。

小原一真(1985-)生於日本岩手縣,宇都宮大學畢業後開始從事攝影,並於倫敦傳播學院取得碩士學位。2011年東日本大地震引發福島核災,他是首位進入福島第一核電廠內部拍攝的攝影記者,並於2012年出版了攝影書《福島の彼方》。

Silent Histories is a book in which Japanese photographer Kazuma Obara tried to depict the lives of children who were injured and became disabled as a result of the U.S aerial bombing of Japan during World War Two. It has been said that the indiscriminate bombing by U.S. forces during the Pacific War killed 330,000 and left 430,000 Japanese citizens injured. Japan's economic recovery in the wake of wartime devastation was such that it was referred to as "The Japanese economic miracle". In contrast, children with incurable wounds of war were forced to live a harsh life. They have lived in the shadows, trying to hide their scars and avoid causing trouble by being invisible, trying hard to cover their pain. This book gives voice to their histories which have been kept silent for 69 years. This book consists of 7 victims' stories including their current portraits, found photos, and propaganda magazines which were published by the Japanese government during the war period.

Silent Histories was originally published as handmade photo book and made to submitted to Supreme Court to show their injuries to a Judge(Victims had sued the government). The photobook was shortlisted for Paris Photo/Aperture Photo Book Award 2014 and was selected for TIME, Lens Culture, and Telegraph Best Photobook 2014. November 2015, This trade edition is launched from Mexico/Madrid based publisher Editorial RM.

《Silent Histories》 | 小原一真 | 18 x 25.7 cm | 162頁 | 2015年 | Editorial RM 出版 | 布面精裝 | 英文、日文

Silent Histories | by Kazuma Obara | 18 x 25.7 cm | 162 pages | 2015 | Editorial RM | Clothbound | English & Japanese

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