徐勇《底片》Negatives

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▍本書入選PARIS PHOTO年度攝影書獎 ▍

1954年生於上海的中國攝影家徐勇,發表了他於1989年在北京天安門拍攝的「八九學運」攝影集——《底片》。這批紀錄當代中國最大規模民主運動的底片在塵封四分之一個世紀後,經重新掃描整理,直接以負片的型態出版。靜默的影格裡,廣場上的熱血仍在燃燒。

徐勇在自序中說,「對試圖遮蔽、製造人們遺忘歷史的行為,底片比照片及數字媒介更具直接強烈的證據意義。」浩大的中國八九學運最後在六月四日受到軍隊血腥鎮壓清場告終。迄今,「六四」仍然是中國官方的政治敏感詞,禁止公開討論與發表。這本在香港出版的《底片》,自然也遭中國封阻,無法在中國的書店販售。《底片》出版時,出版社寄給徐勇的書亦遭海關查扣,連徐勇自己也還拿不到。

《底片》收錄64張負像照片,如果讀者要觀看正常顏色,可以使用iPhone或iPad,在設定的「一般」欄中找到「輔助使用」選項,打開「反相顏色」功能按鈕,然後開啟相機功能,用照相方式觀看,將歷史的色彩再現出來。

拍下這批照片時,徐勇才三十多歲。據《紐約時報》報導,八九學運期間,他每天都會去天安門廣場一帶拍照,有幾次他站在自己的單車座位上以高角度拍攝,結果摔了下來,還因此跌壞了兩架相機。徐勇不願透露他在學運期間究竟拍了多少張照片,但他坦言,發布這批照片,可能將會給他帶來麻煩與危險……。

Born in Shanghai, 1954, Chinese photographer Xu Yong published the negatives of the photographs he had taken during the Tiananmen Square Protest in 1989, naming the photobook Negatives. These negatives documented the largest protest for democracy in China, but were never developed into pictures. After a quarter of a century, these images are finally scanned and published-- in the form of negatives, where blood still boiled with passion in each frame.

In his forward, Xu Yong mentioned that "negatives present themselves as a much stronger evidence than photographs to those to try to wipe off or even create false memories, trying to create an alternate history." The Tiananmen Incident ended in bloodshed, with the army removing the protestors by force. Even till now, the Tiananmen Incident is a subject very much sensitive to the PRC government, which censors and bans any discussions on the incident. One would therefore be unsurprised that Negatives is banned in China. Even Xu Yong himself was unable to get a copy of his book, for the copy that his publisher sent him was detained and confiscated by the customs.

The book consists of 64 negatives, which readers may use the "Invert Colors" function of their cameras in iPhone or iPad to view in full colors after adjusting the "Accessibility" under the "General" settings.

Xu Yong was only in his thirties when he took this set of images. He told the New York Times that he "spent everyday in and around Tiananmen Square over six weeks, standing on the seat of his bicycle to get elevated views--and breaking two cameras when he tumbled to the ground." He would not say how many photographs he took, but admitted that the publishing of these images would bring him troubles and even dangers ahead...

《底片》 | 徐勇 | 新世紀出版社 | 2015年2版 | 72頁 | 精裝

Negatives | by Xu Yong | Published by New Century Press | Feb. 2015 | 2nd edition | 72 pages | Hardback

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